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russian bobbin lace pillow, bobbin lace making

4.2. The contrivance for winding bobbins of a type model

There are many regional centers of lace making in Russia. Each of them has own plating traditions and original lace bobbins. Hence it is difficult to find out some bobbin standards. On the same reason winding device is to be fit to bobbins of any origin or at least to bobbins of some typical row.

Authors of the book investigated dozens of bobbins applied in the central provinces of Russia. The investigations allowed to bring out a typical row of bobbins having middle statistician sizes in millimeters (Fig.4.5):

Fig.4.5. A typical Russian bobbin

Fig.4.5. A typical Russian bobbin

  • – total length L = 160 ± 15;
  • – neck length s = 40 ± 10; diameter 6 ± 2;
  • – handle length z = 60 ± 16 (conical form); maximal diameter 15 ± 2, minimal one 6 ± 2;
  • – semispherical head with radius 8 ± 2.

The authors decided to work out a winding contrivance that would be fit to bobbins of announced typical row. A condition was adopted to simplify the first model – to rotate the bobbin by hand without acceleration. Cinematic schedule of winding device is shown on Fig.4.6 and Fig.4.7.

Fig.4.6. Winding device. Front view

Fig.4.6. Winding device. Front view

Fig.4.7. Winding device. Plan view

Fig.4.7. Winding device. Plan view

The movable platform 1 is set on the basic platform 2 between guiding slats 3. Guiding rods 4 are attached to the platform 1 with poles 5. The bearing 6 slides along rods 4. The tail ball-bearing 7 is set on the bearing 6. The head ball-bearing 8 is set on the basic platform 9. The cup chuck 10 is mounted into inner ring of the ball-bearing 8 together with the drive handle 11. The winding device is presented on the photo (Fig.4.8).

Fig.4.8. Winding device

Fig.4.8. Winding device

The bobbin handle is inserted into the inner ring of the tail ball-bearing. The movable platform is shifted left or right depending on length and form of bobbin handle. The bobbin head is to be inserted into the cup of the chuck tightly. The movable platform is fixed at the chosen position. The basic platform is to be pressed to the table with a bracket. When all preparations are made, a lace maker starts winding bobbins. Some seconds are spent to adjust the device to a new bobbin.

The described device was placed at the Forum of the site “The needlewoman” (www.klk.pp.ru) 01/30/2006.

The device was being tested for a long time using bobbins of the typical row. Naturally problems arose when bobbins happened to fall out of the row. As a rule it took place when a bobbin had an irregular form for instance it looked like an irregular cylinder or a barrel. Of course discomfort arose when bobbin sizes exceeded middle ranges.

Then authors decided to advance the winding device in two directions:

  • – enlarge acceptable ranges of bobbin sizes;
  • – eliminate restrictions applied to the bobbin form;
  • – accelerate winding.